The courts system in the UK is not unified. England and Wales has one system, with Scotland and Northern Ireland having separate systems of their own.
All courts in England and Wales are designed to deliver justice using a number of different courts:
Generally deal with personal injury, breach of contract regarding goods or property, divorce/family issues, repossession of houses, claims for debt.
The magistrates’ courts are where the vast majority of criminal cases are heard but they also deal with a wide range of civil cases including:
In the Crown Court cases are heard by a judge and a 12-person jury. Crown Courts deal with serious crimes including:
Royal Courts of Justice
The Royal Courts of Justice is divided into a number of specific groups each with their own courts. These groups include:
The Youth Courts are special types of Magistrates’ Court that deal with young offenders aged between 10 and 17 years old. Specially trained Magistrates handle Youth Court cases. However, more serious offences can be referred to the Crown Court.
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