3PB Direct

I regularly advise on Judicial Reviews and on public law issues, immigrants’ rights and challenging the powers of authorities to deport immigrants. I do sometimes act pro bono in deserving cases.

My practice has largely been community based and have involved appearing in Crown Courts, Family Courts and Immigration Tribunals all over England. My family law caseload has frequently involved the recognition of foreign, particularly Muslim, marriages and divorce.

I have been fighting for equal rights and justice for minority communities for many years and, over many decades, have challenged racism and discriminatory policies and comments, made both in the community at large and the legal profession.

I founded the Society of Afro-Asian and Caribbean Lawyers, now known as the Society of Black Lawyers and was its first Chairman. I served on the Bar Council’s Race Relations Committee and am proud to be named as one of the influential members of the Black and Asian communities to be called to the Bar.

Legal Expertise

I have an exceptional caseload and expertise in immigration and family law disputes with public authorities. The very first immigration case I conducted  was a challenge to the powers of the UK Secretary of State to remove illegal immigrants under the Immigration Act 1971, namely Azam [1973] . This early case of mine was swiftly followed  by another well-known case, Phansopkar [1976], which has been the subject of much academic discussion. I was also the barrister who conducted the very first case before the Special Immigration Appeal Commission. More recent reported immigration cases of mine include Supawan (2017), AA (Nigeria)(2015] and B&Anor [2014] and Ahmed [2014].

In the landmark case of  Khan & others [1995] I successfully challenged the power of the Secretary of State (SOS) to detain an asylum seeker pending deportation. The Court of Appeal however allowed the appeal by the SOS in this instance. Another leading immigration case was Patel, Ahmed, Hussain and others [1998] in which I was successful – alongside my 3PB colleague Arthur Blake – for six people in front of the Court of Appeal on the authority of a treaty which was not part of domestic law.

I have regularly appeared in public law cases and judicial reviews acting for members of the public against local authorities, including acting in the reported cases of Akumah v Hackney Borough Council; Oyeyi-Efflong &Anor v R (on the application of) The Bridge NDC Seven Sisters Partnership; and Satu v Hackney Borough Council.

My family and immigration law practices regularly overlap because cases often involve recognition of foreign marriages and divorce. I have conducted several cases involving Muslim sharia law, particularly the recognition of foreign Muslim marriage and talaq (divorce). Many of these cases have had a direct impact on immigration law. One such case was Ghulam Fatima [1985], when I appeared before the House of Lords.

I have a strong crime practice which covers the entire spectrum of criminal law such as murder, drug trafficking, robbery, rape and sexual offences, affray and other public order offences. Much of my work involves assisting Asian and Black communities where young people and older residents are accused of criminal acts.

I have successfully defended in the cases known as the Bradford Twelve (Asian youths making petrol bombs for the defence of their community), Newham Eight (Asian youths fighting in self defence), Bristol Riot and several Brixton riot cases involving Black youths fighting the police.

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